While it is clear that increasing influenza vaccination in HCWs is important, it is less clear on how best to achieve this goal.
The current influenza A(n H1N1) pandemic of 2009 is one example of antigenic shift.Secondary resources included the Cochrane Database and the Trip Database.In addition epidemiological and survey data were retrieved from U. regulatory agencies and professional organizations, including the CDC, The Joint Commission (TJC), the U. Department of Health and Human Services (USDHHS), NFID, ANA, the Association of Professionals in Infection Control (APIC), and also the international World Health Organization.The benefits and challenges of mandatory vaccination, including both mandating of individual vaccination and institutional vaccination programs are reviewed. Vol15No01PPT03 Influenza, an infectious disease that occurs annually in temperate regions around the world, affects an estimated 5-15% of the world’s population and results in 500,000 deaths annually (World Health Organization, [WHO], 2009b).In the conclusion, the author advocates for rejecting mandatory individual vaccination and supporting institutional mandates that protect the right of the individual to decline vaccination for religious, medical, or philosophical reasons. In the United States (US), between 19, an average of 226,000 persons were hospitalized and 36,000 died each year as a result of complications from influenza (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2007).Although multi-faceted programs that eliminate these barriers and support voluntary vaccination have been effective in increasing vaccination rates, these programs are a recent phenomenon, and have not been widespread.
Healthcare agencies are now considering mandatory influenza vaccination for their healthcare providers.
Influenza is a viral illness easily transmitted from person to person through air droplets passed by sneezing, coughing, and a lack of adherence to appropriate handwashing guidelines. Contagiousness begins one day prior to the development of symptoms, and can last as long as 5 days in adults and 10 days in children (CDC, 2008).
Influenza generally appears during cold-weather seasons. Symptoms include cough, fever, chills, headache, and myalgias.
Since 1981 the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has recommended that healthcare workers receive vaccination against influenza in an effort to reduce transmission of the virus to their colleagues and to the vulnerable people in their care.
To date inadequate progress has been made in terms of increasing yearly healthcare worker influenza vaccination rates.
At greatest risk of developing complications are adults The primary and most effective method of symptom reduction and prevention of influenza is vaccination.